Cannabis, Vape

What are cannabis vapes and how do you use them?

Vapes. Vaporizers. Vape pens. Weed pens. Vaporinos. (OK, maybe not that last one.) No matter what you call them, the distinguishing feature of cannabis vapes is that they allow you to inhale cannabis vapor. This is also how they differ from traditional smoking devices like bongs and pipes, which allow you to inhale the smoke from burning cannabis. Similar to a smoking experience, vapor highs kick in quickly (within 15 minutes) and last anywhere from 40 minutes to two hours.

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Vaping cannabis is easy, discreet, and arguably healthier than traditional smoking methods. But figuring out how and what you want to vape for the first time can be complicated since both flower and concentrates can be vaporized using a wide range of devices.

In this guide, you’ll learn what types of vaporizers are out there, how to pick the right one for your purposes, and how to shop for safe, legal vapes.

What are vaporizers?

The process of vaping weed involves heating cannabis flower or concentrates to a temperature that turns the active cannabinoids and terpenes into vapor. Most vaporization devices are engineered to heat cannabis products just below the point of combustion, which ranges from 180 to 190 degrees Celsius (356 to 374 Fahrenheit). Compared to smoking, which can burn off many of the terpenes and minor cannabinoids present in flower, vaping cannabis can activate more of those compounds. A device with precise temperature controls can allow you to choose a temp suited to whatever cannabinoid or terpene you choose.

There are many methods by which people vaporize cannabis. The three main types are tabletop vaporizers, portable vaporizers, and vape or “hash oil” pens.

Tabletop vaporizers

Tabletop vaporizers are stationary temperature control units that require a solid surface upon which to sit. Tabletop vaporizers come in many varieties, but all include four main features:

  1. A temperature dial to regulate the temperature
  2. A healing element that heats the flower or concentrates
  3. A heating chamber where you put the flower or concentrates
  4. A mouthpiece attachment

Some tabletop vaporizers use a bag to collect the vapor, which is detached prior to inhalation. Others use a long tube that is attached to the heating chamber and allows the vapor to move directly from the heating chamber to the person using the vaporizer. Most tabletop vaporizers of this style are used to vaporize cannabis flower. Once you know how to vape weed with one tabletop vaporizer, it’s very likely you’ll be able to use others.

Because they function similarly, e-nail (electric nail) dab rigs could also be considered tabletop vaporizers. This device allows users to vaporize concentrates or flower using an electric nail.

Pros

  • Precise temperature control
  • Flexibility to use whatever flower or concentrates you want
  • Reusable, minimizing packaging waste

Cons

  • Not very portable
  • Requires some effort to learn how to use
  • Can get expensive

Portable vaporizers

Portable vaporizers are small, discreet vaporizers that operate in much the same way as tabletop vaporizers with the exception that they are, well, more portable. Portable vaporizers include a chamber to hold the cannabis flower or concentrate, a heating element, and a battery. Most portable vaporizers contain variable temperature control devices that are operated with the click of a button or turn of a small dial. This activates the battery, which heats the element and vaporizes the flower or concentrate contained within the chamber, sending it into the mouthpiece for inhalation. Portable vaporizers may not allow the same degree of heating precision as a tabletop model.

Additionally, portable vaporizers allow for easy and discreet use as the cannabis vapor creates a less potent aroma. Learning how to vape weed is generally easier than learning how to smoke it.

packing a pax vape bowl
Portable vaporizers include a chamber to hold the cannabis flower or concentrate, a heating element and a battery.
Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Depending on the device’s capabilities, portable vaporizers can be used to consume many forms of concentrate including badder, budder, and shatter, as well as flower. Before purchasing a portable vaporizer, consider the ways you intend to consume cannabis and look for one designed to accommodate that product. It’s important to distinguish between portable dry herb vaporizers, wax vaporizers, and hybrids. While dry herb vapes and wax vapes are designed to work with specific types of cannabis products, hybrid vaporizers like the PAX 3 offer consumers the best of both worlds as they are compatible with both flower and wax concentrates.

Pros

  • Easy to use
  • Portable
  • Flexibility to use whatever flower or concentrates you want
  • Reusable, minimizing packaging waste

Cons

  • Can get expensive depending on the device

Vape pens

Vape pens, weed pens, and hash oil pens are all terms for a type of vaporizer designed specifically to vaporize cannabis distillates and oils. They are called pens because the compact design of the vape device closely resembles that of a traditional pen.

marijuana vapes
Vape pens, weed pens, and hash oil pens are all terms for a type of vaporizer designed specifically to vaporize cannabis distillates and oils.
Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

A reusable vape pen consists of a battery and a cartridge. Reusable vape pens are really half-reusable since you use the same battery with multiple cartridges but throw away the empty cartridge once you’ve vaporized all the oil inside.

Vape batteries come in a variety of styles featuring buttons or no buttons, a cylindrical shape or rectangular one, a limited or long battery life, and the ability to recharge, which means there’s a battery to fit just about any personal preference. One of the most common weed pen batteries is the 510 thread, which is compatible with a large portion of the pre-filled vape cartridges on the medical and adult-use markets.

weed concentrate vape pen
Vape cartridges contain a mouthpiece, chamber, and heating element, which is activated by the vape battery.
Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Vape cartridges contain a mouthpiece, chamber and heating element, which is activated by a compatible battery. The chamber of a vape cartridge is filled with oil or distillate, which contains concentrated amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Disposable or all-in-one vape pens contain all the same elements of semi-reusable weed pens, but they’re sealed up in one sleek, single-use package.

Pros

  • Extremely easy to use
  • Highly portable
  • Least expensive option to try

Cons

  • Partly or entirely disposable = wasteful
  • Can only be used with distillate or oil cartridges
  • Less flexibility in terms of strain and concentrate selection
  • Can get expensive if you vape regularly

How to buy vapes safely

Vaporization can be a healthier alternative to smoking because this process occurs at relatively low temperatures. The flame from a lighter or match heats the flower to the point of combustion, and combustion can release harmful tar and carcinogens — no tobacco necessary.

More research into the long-term health effects of cannabis vaporization is needed, but there are studies backing up the perceived relative health benefits of this consumption method. A 2007 study published in Harm Reduction Journal, for example, observed self-reported respiratory symptoms in participants who used cigarettes and cannabis. The researchers found that while vaporization increased the amount of cannabis consumed, it also decreased respiratory symptoms in regular cannabis users who smoke. They concluded that the vaporization temperature was “cool enough to avoid the smoke and toxins associated with combustion.”

There’s a big caveat to these potential health benefits, however. In 2019, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) made the connection between a rapid increase in lung injuries and the use of illicit vapes. The investigation into vape-related illnesses continues, but the likely causes include cutting agents like vitamin E acetate and other additives, flavorings, and generally poor-quality counterfeit products.

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